Net primary production of vegetable peas depending on variety features, limitation of soil and nutritional system - withdrawn from the publication
Keywords:vegetable peas, microfertilizers, Rhizobophyte, variety, photosynthesis, leaf surface area (LA)
The article presents the solution of an important scientific problem – increasing the yield of vegetable peas. Peculiarities of vegetable pea yield formation under the influence of environmental conditions and application of relevant scientifically substantiated elements of cultivation technology are established. The increase of aboveground mass of plants, leaf surface, photosynthetic potential of sowing, net productivity, productivity depending on the studied factors is investigated. Correlations between these indicators and yield have been identified. The increase in aboveground mass of plants, leaf surface index (LAI), photosynthetic potential (PP) of crops, net productivity of photosynthesis (NPP) and yield depending on the studied factors was studied. Correlations between these indicators and yield have been identified. The increase of above-ground biomass (AGB), area (LA) and leaf surface index (LAI), photosynthetic potential (PP), net photosynthesis productivity (NPP) was studied. There is a high correlation (r˃0.9) between the yield in absolutely dry matter (DM) and the photosynthetic potential (PP) for the period from the microstage to ВВСН 09- ВВСН 77-79, as well as between the number of beans per plant and the area of assimilation plant surfaces – (r˃0.9). The maximum seed yield in terms of dry matter (DM) in the varieties Skinado - 2.97 and Somerwood – 3.52 t / ha was obtained on the version of the experiment, which was carried out liming (1.0 norm per h.a.) on the background of mineral fertilizers N30P60K60, and pre-sowing treatment of seeds with Rhizobophyte and microfertilizer Vuxal Extra CoMo and foliar fertilization was applied with microfertilizers Vuxal Microplant at microsteps ВВСН 12-13 and Vuxal Calcium, Boron at microstages ВВСН 51-59. This is 0.68 and t / ha more than in the control, where the yield in terms of DM in the varieties Skinado - 2.29 and Somerwood - 2.84 t / ha.
Avratovščukova, N. (1997). Genetica fotosyntézy. Praha: Studijni informace ÚVTI.
Aksyonov, I. (2007). Effect of cultivation measures on index of photosynthesis and yield of sunflower. HELIA, 30(47), 79–86.
Biliavska, L. et al. (2021). Adaptability and breeding value of soybean varieties of Poltava breeding. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 27(2), 312–322.
Clayton, et al. (2004). Inoculant formulation and fertilizer nitrogen effects of field pea: crop yield and seed quality. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 84(1), 89–96.
Didur, I. and Mostovenko, V. (2020). Photosynthetic activity of vegetable peas depending on varietal characteristics, soil liming and food system. Agriculture and forestry, 4(19), 42-50. https://doi.org/10.37128/2707-5826-2020-4-4
Didur, I. and Mostovenko, V. (2021). Dynamics of the number and weight of nodules of nitrogen-fixing bacteria of vegetable pea. Agriculture and forestry,1(20), 49-59. https://doi.org/10.37128/2707-5826-2021-1-4
Dodd, I. et al. (2011). Genetic and management approaches to boost UK wheat yields by ameliorating water deficits. J. Exp. Bot, 62, 5241-5248.
Evans, J. and Lawson, T. (2020). From green to gold: agricultural revolution for food security. J. Exp. Bot, 71(7), 2211-2215. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/eraa110
Furbank, R. et al. (2020). Photons too food: genetic improvement of cereal crop photosynthesis. J. Exp. Bot., 71(7), 2226-2238. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/eraa077
Fernandes, M. and Pereyra Rossiello, R. (1995). Mineral nitrogen in plant physiology and plant nutrition. Critical reviews in plant sciences, 14(2), 111–148. https://doi.org/10.1080/07352689509701924
Kaletnik, G. et al. (2020). The world experience in the regulation of the land circulation. European Journal of Sustainable Development, 9(2), 557-568. https://doi.org/10.14207/ejsd.2020.v9n2p557
Karkanis, A., et al. (2016). Field pea in European cropping systems: Adaptability, biological nitrogen fixation and cultivation practices. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 44(2), 325–336. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha44210618
Kupchuk, I. et al. (2021). Multicriteria compromise optimization of feed grain grinding process. Przegląd Elektrotechniczny, 97(11), 179-183. https://doi.org/10.15199/48.2021.11.33
Květ, et al. (1971). Metody růstové analýzy. Praha: Studijni informace ÚVTI.
Long, S. et al. (2006). Can improvement in photosynthesis increase crop yield? Plant Crop. Environ, 29 (3), 315-330. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2005.01493.x
Makrushin, M. and Makrushina, E. (2006). Plant physiology. Vinnytsia: New book.
Mazur, V. et al. (2021). Ecological suitability peas (Pisum Sativum) varieties to climate change in Ukraine. Agraarteadus, 32(2), 276-283. https://doi.org/10.15159/jas.21.26
Morgun, V. et al. (2019). Relationships canopy assimilation surface capacity traits and grain productivity of winter wheat genotypes under drought stress. Agricultural science and practice, 6(2),18–28. https://doi.org/10.15407/agrisp6.02.018
Murchie, E. and Niyogi, K. (2011). Manipulation of photoprotection to improve plant photosynthesis. Plant Physiol, 155(1), 86-92. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.110.168831
Murchie, E. and Niyogi, K. (2009). Agriculture and the new challenges for photosynthesis research. New Phytol, 181(1), 532-552. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02705.x
Moiseichenko, V. et al. (1996). Fundamentals of scientific research in agronomy. Moscow: Kolos.
Norik, N. and Mulyarchuk, O. (2018). Treatment with vegetable pea seed growth regulators (Pisum sativum l., Subspecium commune gov) in the Western Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Podolsk Bulletin: agriculture, technology, economics, 28, 86-93.
Nychyporovych, A. (1990). Photosynthesis – biosphere resources – man. Pushchino.
Nechyporovych, A. et al. (1961). Photosynthetic activity of plants in crops. Moscow: USSR Academy of sciences.
Nechyporovych, A. (1965). Photosynthesis and Intensification of Agriculture. Moscow: Science.
Paul, M., et al. (2020). Linking fundamental science to grop improvement. througt understanding source and sink traits and their integration for yield enhancement. J. Exp. Bot., 71(7), 2270-2280. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erz480
Rzaev, G. and Jafarova, F. (1968). Soil moisture and intensity of photosynthesis. Reports of the Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan SSR, 24(3), 43-45.
Saiko, V. (2006). Problems and ways of accumulation and use of biological nitrogen in modern agriculture of Ukraine. Coll. Science. against NSC «FROM UAAS», Special issue, 8-13.
Simkin, A. et al. (2019). Feeding the world: improving photosynthetic efficiency for sustainable grop production photosynthetisis. J. Exp. Bot., 70(4), 1119-1140. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/ery445
Tkachyk, S. (2016). Methodology of examination of varieties of plants of the group of vegetables, potatoes and mushrooms on difference, uniformity and stability. Vinnytsia: FLP Korzun D.J.
Wani, S. et al. (2016). Azotobacter chroococcum–a potential biofertilizer in agriculture: an overview. In Soil Science: Agricultural and Environmental Prospectives, Springer, Cham, 333–348. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-34451-5_15
Copyright (c) 2022 Olexandr Mazur, Ihor Kupchuk, Ihor Didur, Olha Titarenko, Olena Mazur
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.