Acta fytotechnica et zootechnica :: ISSN 1336-9245 2022-07-11T14:49:26+02:00 prof. Ing. Radovan Kasarda, Ph.D. Open Journal Systems <p align="justify"><strong>Acta fytotechnica et zootechnica</strong> is an open access, a peer-reviewed scientific journal of the Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra. First published in 1957 as <em>Proceedings of the University of Agriculture in Nitra</em>. From 2013 is the Journal published online only.</p> <p align="justify"><strong>Aims &amp; scope<br /></strong>Journal focuses on presentation of regional, national and international current science results in plant and animal nutrition, genetics, breeding, animal health and welfare, agronomy and soil science, in particular:</p> <ul> <ul> <li>agrochemistry and plant nutrition</li> <li>botany, plant physiology, genetics, breeding, protection</li> <li>crop production, grass ecosystems and forages</li> <li>soil and environmental scienes</li> <li>sustainable agriculture</li> <li>zoology, animal genetics and breeding biology</li> <li>animal husbandry, nutrition and special husbandry</li> <li>animal health and veterinary sciences</li> <li>human nutrition</li> </ul> </ul> <p><strong>Journal Legacy<br /></strong></p> <p>Issues/articles published <a title="Acta fytotechnica et zootechnica legacy" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">from 2011 to 2021</a></p> <p>Issues/articles published <a title="Acta fytotechnica et zootechnica legacy :: 2009-2011" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">from 2009 to 2011</a></p> <p>Issues/articles published <a title="Acta fytotechnica et zootechnica legacy :: 1998-2003" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">from 1998 to 2003</a></p> <p><strong>Indexing<br /></strong>The journal is indexed by <a title="Scopus Database" href="">Scopus (Elsevier)</a> | <a title="Directory of Open Access Journals" href="">DOAJ</a></p> <p><strong>Charges &amp; Fees</strong><br />Articles are published without article submission and article processing charges. For end-users are published papers free of charge.</p> <p><strong>Peer review policy</strong></p> <p><em><strong>Editorial evaluation</strong></em>: first step, submitted manuscripts are assessed from the formal / technical points of view (comply with the editorial requirements, resp. guidelines for authors, main aims and scopes and policies) and from the point of view of plagiarism. Manuscripts which are not comply with editorial requirements will be returned for technical corrections. In case general/base incompliance of article with requirements will be rejected, rejected will be also articles with critical similarity score. When the technical/formal evaluation is completed, the manuscript proceeds to the stage of scientific evaluation.</p> <p><em><strong>Scientific evaluation</strong></em><br />Evaluation from the point of view of scientific quality is provided by the executive editors of subject/thematic sections. Based on the result of the preliminary evaluation from the point of view of scientific quality, the manuscript is either rejected, returned for corrections or moved to the review process. If the requested changes are made, the text returns to the executive editors. When the scientific evaluation is completed manuscript, the peer-review process is following.</p> <p><em><strong>Peer-review process</strong></em><br />The Acta fytotechnica et zootechnica peer-review model: blind review, two independent reviewers. If necessary (in case there are any differencies between review reports) a third reviewer will be invited. The results of reviewing can be acceptance, acceptance with minor or major modifications or rejected. Once the requested changes/corrections are made, the text returns to the executive editors.</p> <p><em><strong>Post peer-review process</strong></em></p> <p>Editing and preparing accepted manuscripts for publication. Online publishing.</p> <p><strong>Copyright &amp; Licenses</strong><br />Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0) that allows others to share (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially) the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>The Journal is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a></p> <p><strong>Deposit Policy</strong></p> <p><a title="Sherpa Roemo Deposit Policy for AFZ" href="">Sherpa/Romeo</a></p> <p><strong>Screening of plagiarism</strong><br />All manuscripts are checked by the Crossref service Similarity Check (iThenticate software).</p> <hr /> <p>eISSN 1336-9245 / pISSN 1335-258X (until to 2013)</p> <p>Journal website:</p> <p>Journal periodicity: 4 issues per year</p> <p>Abbreviation: <em>Acta fytotechn zootechn</em></p> <p>Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra</p> Nutritional prospective of Sesbania species: an underutilized wild legume from Northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India 2022-04-29T11:59:04+02:00 Dr. Mayur Patil Dr. Sanjay Auti <p>Nutrition plays very important role in longevity of life. Processed food has created various health disorders at a very alarming rate. Wild genotypes have potent nutritive characteristics which are relatively less explored. In the current investigation, two species of <em>Sesbania </em>were evaluated for their potent nutritional value. <em>Sesbania grandiflora</em> and <em>Sesbania bispinosa</em> seeds contained 37.78% and 30.2% crude proteins, 4.24% and 2.06% albumins, 7.20% and 5.16% globulins, 1.75% and 8.34% free amino acids, 34.91% and 59.08% total carbohydrates and 5.2% and 5.02% total lipids respectively. DPPH Radical scavenging assay revealed notable antioxidant potential with 62.27% and 65.45% inhibition respectively. Antinutrient analysis indicated the presence of total free phenols (0.29% and 0.63%), tannins (0.28% and 0.34%), phytic acid (1.70% and 1.59%) and trypsin inhibitor activity (41.8 and 54.4 TIU/mg) respectively. Both <em>Sesbania</em> species had excellent nutritional potential as well as antioxidant activity and a low antinutrient profile. Based on the findings, <em>Sesbania</em> species may be investigated further as a potential alternative food source in the near future, particularly in economically disadvantaged areas, and may pave the way toward the wider aim of food security.</p> 2022-07-11T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Mayur Patil, Dr. Sanjay Auti Analyse of iPBS lenght polymorphism in selected group of Vitis vinifera, L varieties 2022-03-24T10:13:19+01:00 Jana Žiarovská Adam Kováčik Silvia Farkasová Martina Fixelová Jozef Sabo Miroslava Kačániová <p>Here, the specific natural variability of iPBS (Inter Primer Binding Sites Polymorphism) fingerprints in thirteen varieties of <em>Vitis vinifera</em>, L. was performed. All of the analysed biological material was collected in the vineyard of Sabo vinery for describing of the existing genetic polymorphism. Young leaves from a total of thirteen grapevine varieties were obtained in the in the Small Carpathians wine region of Slovakia, Vrbové. Genetic length polymorphism was studied by iPBS markers. A dendrogram of genetic similarity of generated fingerprints was constucted by UPGMA (Unweighted Pair Group Method with Arithmetic mean) and the Jaccard coefficient of genetic similarity was used for the analyse of 13 <em>Vitis vinifera</em>, L varieties. The generated dendrogram is separated into three major clusters at the genetic dissimilarity of 0.58. Cluster 1 is composed of two red varieties – Alibernet and Cabernet Sauvignon. Cluster 2 was further subdivided into two sub-clusters, where the larger one include all white varieties - Pinot Blanc, Müller-Thurgau, Welschriesling, Irsai Oliver, Grüner Veltliner, Pálava, Weisser Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc and Feteasca Regala. The second subcluster is comprised from two red varieties – Blaufränkisch and Dornfelder. The analysis prooved the the iPBS technique is an effective retrotransposon based markers to evaluate the variability of the genome in the germplasm of <em>Vitis vinifera</em> L. cultivated varieties.</p> 2022-07-11T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Acta Fytotechnica et zootechnica Aspects of the production process of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) depending on the year and different cultivation technology 2022-01-21T10:32:33+01:00 Tomáš Vician Ivan Černý Dávid Ernst Alexandra Zapletalová Ján Skopal <div> <p class="AFZAbstract"><span lang="EN-GB">The aim of the experiment was to evaluate the impact of the year and different cultivation technologies on the yield and oil content of selected sunflower hybrids. The experiment was carried out in the years 2019 – 2020 in the fields of the Research Centre for Plant Biology and Ecology in Nitra – Dolná Malanta. Statistical analysis of experimental results confirmed the high significant influence of the year on selected quantitative and qualitative parameters of the sunflower. The year 2019 was statistically high significantly more effective for seed yield (increase by 0.37 t.ha<sup>-1</sup>). In 2020 was confirmed a statistically high significant higher oil content by 0.87%. The evaluation of the genetic potential of selected hybrids confirmed a statistically high significant effect on the yield and oil content of sunflower. Within the monitored years, the average seed yield was 3.47 t.ha<sup>-1</sup>and the average oil content was 46.22%. In the range of monitored hybrids, within the individual types of cultivation technology, the highest average seed yields and oil content were recorded for the Clearfield Plus technology. The best values were achieved by the SY Bacardi hybrid with a seed yield of 4.10 t.ha<sup>-1</sup>(+ 0.63 t.ha<sup>-1</sup>; rel. 18.29%) and with an oil content of 48.50% (+ 2.28%). The highest seed yield in conventional technology achieved SY Chronos hybrid 3.63 t.ha<sup>-1</sup>(+ 0.16 t.ha<sup>-1</sup>; rel. 4.69%) and the highest oil content achieved SY Duomo hybrid 47.34% (+ 1.13%). The highest yield in Express Sun technology recorded NX 92251 hybrid 3.56 t.ha<sup>-1</sup>(+ 0.10 t.ha<sup>-1</sup>; rel. 2.76%). And the highest oil content was by Suffix hybrid 45.91% (- 0.31%).</span></p> </div> 2022-07-11T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Acta Fytotechnica et zootechnica The influence of planting dates and field management on bulb quality and post-harvest losses of onion 2021-12-16T16:48:00+01:00 Hamid Salari R.S. Antil Yashpal Singh Saharawat <p>The present investigation was carried out to study the influence of planting date and field management practices on bulb quality and post-harvest losses of onions in storage at Agriculture Research Farm of Kabul University. Different traits including fresh bulb weight, total soluble solids, firmness, rooting, sprouting, spoilage and marketable bulbs were studied in these trials. The data were statistically analysed with R software. The planting dates had significant effect on fresh bulb weight, sprouting, spoilage and marketable bulbs of onions. After 120 days of storage the greatest fresh bulb weight (111.64 g), marketable bulbs (77.52 %) and the lowest sprouting (10.56 %) and spoilage (11.92 %) were recorded for the first planting date (10<sup>th</sup> May). Similarly, the lowest loss in total soluble solids was also observed under the first planting date. Field management practices did not have significant effect on bulb quality and post-harvest losses of onions. While delayed planting can significantly reduce onion bulb quality and increase sprouting and spoilage, early planting dates were more appropriate to reduce post-harvest losses.</p> <p> </p> 2022-07-11T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Acta Fytotechnica et zootechnica Diversity and fungicidal resistance of Cercospora beticola 2022-03-24T09:38:10+01:00 Kamil Hudec Milan Mihók Monika Tóthová Peter Bokor <p>The fungus <em>Cercospora beticola</em> Sacc. belongs to the most important pathogens on sugar beet. The Cercospora leaf spot disease is important problem for growers in all growing areas of sugar beet. This study was focused on the morphological diversity of <em>C. beticola</em> isolates and occurrence of their fungicidal resistance in Slovakia. Isolates involved in this work were collected from sugar beet leaf during 2016-2018. Average growth rate of the tested <em>C. beticola</em> isolates on five different media showed the major role of cultivation temperature. The fastest growth was measured by 30°C on TE medium, followed by PDA, SBLEA, AWSBL, and V8. The colour of aerial mycelium varied from olive-green to grey with white powdery appearance, per grey colour with wrinkled texture, to black colour. There is no significant correlation among isolates origin, colony morphology parameters and growth rate. The highest sporulation rate was recorded at cultivation temperature 25°C by using of TE growth medium, the lowest one by V8 medium. The inhibition effect of azoxystrobin + cyproconazole was significantly different among the tested isolates from different localities and years. The results showed reduced sensitivity of <em>C. beticola</em> population in Slovakia strictly depending of the locality. The most reduced sensitivity was measured on localities Hronovce and Nové Zámky, followed by localities Mojmírovce, Senec, and Dolné Saliby with similar values. There is no positive correlation between inhibition effect and mycelial growth rate. The results showed increasing fungicidal resistance of <em>C. beticola</em> to azoxystrobin + cyproconazole in some localities of Slovakia.</p> 2022-07-11T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Acta Fytotechnica et zootechnica Laboratory Test of Cigarette Butt Waste and Soursop Leaf (Annona muricata L.) Extracts as Biopesticides of Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) 2021-12-16T10:40:25+01:00 Syadza Firdausiah Firdaus Firdaus Sulaeha Thamrin Muhammad Alfliadhi Taufik Hidayat <p>Fall Armyworm (<em>Spodoptera frugiperda</em>) is one of the new pests from the Lepidoptera class, which causes huge losses for farmers, especially in corn plantations. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of cigarette butt waste and soursop leaf (<em>Annona muricata</em> L.) extracts as biopesticides against fall armyworms by observing the mortality and analyzing their LC<sub>50</sub>. Extraction of cigarette butts waste and soursop leaves by ethanol 96% as solvent was carried out using Microwave-Assisted Extraction (MAE) method. As the comparison, the maceration and soxhletation extraction of soursop leaves were conducted and analyzed their chemical content by using LC-MS/MS instrument. The insecticide study used a completely randomized design (CRD) method to treat larvae instar III with cigarette butt waste and soursop leaf extracts with various concentrations in three repetitions. Data analysis was performed using probit analysis. The results showed that soursop leaf extract contained four major acetogenin compounds, namely muricatalicin, annohexocin, robustocin, and epoxymurin, with a total percentage of 31.41% by using MAE method, which is higher than the acetogenin content of the maceration and soxhletation extracts (23.73% and 17.78%, respectively). Both cigarette butt waste and soursop leaf extracts were effective as biopesticides with an LC<sub>50</sub> value of 4.900% and 4.114%, respectively, in 12 hours of observation.</p> <p> </p> 2022-07-11T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Acta Fytotechnica et zootechnica Influence of enrichment materials on the behaviour and productive traits of fattening pigs 2022-01-18T09:49:27+01:00 Anna Lykhach Vadym Lykhach Rostislav Fausov Andriy Getya Iryna Lesik <p>In industrial complexes, the environment for fattening pigs has limited space and often does not respect natural behaviour of pigs. The implementation of EU legislation in Ukraine requires from farmers to use enrichment materials that improve the welfare of pigs. This article shows possible solution for big industrial challenge – creating of comfortable conditions for pigs, which meet their ethological needs. The experiment was performed on 180 pigs. From 77 days of age, all experimental animals were divided into three groups (on the principle of analogues) of 60 heads in each. As criteria of aggressive social behaviour the fights and biting were chosen. It was found that at the first period of fattening in pigs of the control group (no enrichment materials) 24 cases of biting were registered, in animals with straw blocks (experimental group II) – 6, with plastic bottles filled with grain (experimental group III) – 4 cases. At the second period of fattening, the situation regarding intragroup aggression was identical to the first one, which was reflected by the level of the cortisol in the blood serum. Among pigs that had free access to enrichment materials, a significant increase in their live weight by 2.4–5.8%, and in average daily gain by 1.4–27.6% compared with animals in the control group was registered. This study aims to prove that the use of enrichment materials for fattening pigs helps to identify their natural behaviour in industrial complexes, avoids social aggression, increases productivity and improves their welfare.</p> 2022-07-11T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Acta Fytotechnica et zootechnica Effect of grape pomace feeding on fattening parameters and fatty acids profile in geese 2021-12-28T13:33:51+01:00 Michal Rolinec Stanislava Drotárová Jakub Vyšlan Branislav Gálik Milan Šimko Miroslav Juráček Ondrej Hanušovský Mária Kalúzová Eva Mixtajová Pavol Brek <p>It was published, that grape pomace has a positive effect on the animal organism and is also a rich source of fatty acids. The inclusion of grape pomace in the geese feed mixture was the main objective of the following experiment. The addition of grape pomace into the feed mixture was used to investigate to what extent will affect the fattening parameters of geese and the profile of fatty acids analysed from the abdominal fat of geese. The experiment was carried out on 20 geese (Czech goose breed). Two groups were formed to obtain the same average weight. The average weight of the experimental group at the beginning was 1857 ± 196 g. The average weight of the control group was 1872 ± 248 g. For 49 days, both groups were fed a commercial complete feed mixture for geese fattening while in the experimental group 1% of the feed mixture was replaced by dried grape pomace. The average weight of geese of the control group at the end of fattening was 5579 ± 770 g and of the experimental group 5752 ± 752 g. The addition of dried grape pomace to the feed mixture in the fattening of geese increased the average daily weight gain of geese by 5.2% (P˃0.05), liver weight by 22.5% (P˂0.05) and increased the content of monounsaturated fatty acids by 2.5% (P˃0.05), especially oleic acid by 3.0% (P˃0.05). A reduced content of polyunsaturated fatty acids by 1.5% (P˃0.05) and decreased saturated fatty acid content by 3.2% (P˃0.05) was detected in the experimental group. It can be concluded that the addition of grape pomace affected the liver weight of fattened gees, while the effect on fatty acids composition was insignificant.</p> 2022-07-11T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Acta Fytotechnica et zootechnica Genome-wide Association Study of Resistance to Mastitis in Czech Holstein Cattle 2021-12-16T16:40:16+01:00 Kristýna Forejt Nina Moravčíková Radovan Kasarda Ludmila Zavadilová Luboš Vostrý <p>Clinical mastitis is an inflammatory disease of the mammary gland that largely impacts dairy farming profitability and welfare. Globally, a massive scientific effort is being made to elucidate the possible link of certain genotypes to the susceptibility to this disease. After data pruning controlling for genotype missingness, minor allele frequency, and population stratification, 51 557 SNPs from 1 042 animals have been analysed using the general linear model (GLM). Two SNPs, BTA-121769-no-rs and BTB-00265951, have demonstrated statistically significant associations (–log10(p) &gt; 6.0134), both located on the chromosome BTA6. The detected SNPs have been annotated within a reference genome. They have been found to lie outside of transcribed regions but within the vicinity of genes essential for the immune response. This finding further supports the case for their significance in the resistance to mastitis. In addition, 14 relatively weaker associations (–log10(p) &gt; 4) have been observed across chromosomes BTA1, 2, 9, 14, 19, 24 and 25.</p> 2022-07-11T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Acta Fytotechnica et zootechnica Entomopathogenic fungi associated with Stomoxys calcitrans in Slovakia and efficacy of local fungal strains against the stable fly 2022-02-15T10:04:14+01:00 Marek Barta Marek Semelbauer Barbara Mangová Milan Kozánek <p>The stable fly, <em>Stomoxys calcitrans</em>, is the most important ectoparasite of livestock throughout the world. Entomopathogenic fungi are natural antagonists of stable flies with the potential to be used as biocontrol agents in integrated management programmes of this pest. The prevalence and species diversity of entomopathogenic fungi in populations of the stable fly were documented on a dairy cattle farm in south-western Slovakia. The prevalence of fungal infection was low and the maximum percentage of infected flies reached 2.72% during the season. Three <em>Beauveria</em> species were identified from infected flies, <em>B. bassiana</em>, <em>B. pseudobassiana</em> and <em>B. brongniartii</em>. <em>Beauveria pseudobassiana</em> and <em>B. brongniartii</em> are reported from <em>S. calcitrans</em> for the first time. In laboratory tests, the pathogenicity of four entomopathogenic fungi <em>B. bassiana</em>, <em>B. pseudobassiana</em>, <em>M. anisopliae</em> and <em>Isaria fumosorosea</em> against adult stable flies was compared. The flies were susceptible to infection by the fungi and the most virulent isolate of <em>B. bassiana</em> (IKEP10) was selected for spore formulation testing and field trials. We tested three types of spore formulations and the aqueous spore suspension was more effective against stable flies than spores formulated in the powder or oil suspension. Repeated treatments of the interior of the stable with <em>B. bassiana</em> spores at fortnightly intervals during June–August resulted in a 10 times higher prevalence of fungal infection in the stable fly population compared with the untreated stable, but the treatments did not effectively reduce the fly population. The selected <em>B. bassiana</em> isolate may represent an interesting tool in the biocontrol of stable fly populations, but further experiments are needed to design an appropriate formulation and enhance its efficacy.</p> 2022-07-11T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Acta Fytotechnica et zootechnica Laying, egg quality and blood profile of native hens 2022-03-08T09:23:58+01:00 Lukáš Zita Adam Kraus Ondřej Krunt Karolína Machová Cyril Hrnčár Eva Chmelíková <p>The objective of this study was to assess egg quality parameters for the whole laying period depending on oviposition time and breed of Czech and Slovak native breeds of laying hens. Besides, to determine the differences between selected breeds in laying pattern, related to the oviposition place. Furthermore, biochemical blood parameters were measured at the end of the study. A total of 60 pullets at the age of 20 weeks were divided according to the breed. Each treatment consisted of 3 replications of 10 laying hens. The eggs were collected every day, at 6:00, 10:00 and 14:00 and the amount of eggs was recorded for each oviposition time interval (from 14:00 to 5:59, from 6:00 to 9:59 and from 10:00 to 13:59). Moreover, the oviposition place (inside and outside the nest) and the amount of eggs in particular place were recorded. In addition, blood samples were collected. Significantly heavier eggs were laid between 10:00 and 13:59 than between 6:00 and 9:59 h (52.44 vs. 51.39 g, resp.). Haugh units were highest in eggs from Czech golden spotted hens that were laid between 6:00 and 9:59 h and in eggs from Oravka hens that were laid between 6:00 and 9:59 h and between 10:00 and 13:59 h. Significantly lower content of yolk cholesterol was found in Czech golden spotted hens compared to Oravka hens (10.64 vs. 11.22 mg/g, resp.). The Czech golden spotted hens had significantly higher level of glucose in blood serum than Oravka hens (16.47 vs. 14.03 mmol/l, resp.). The Czech golden spotted hens, gene reserve of the Czech Republic, are not yet sufficiently described in scientific literature, which highlights the importance of this study.</p> 2022-07-11T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Acta Fytotechnica et zootechnica Future Perspective of NGS Data for Evaluation of Population Genetic Structure in Turkish Cattle 2022-03-21T08:09:00+01:00 Eymen Demir Nina Moravčíková Taki Karsli Radovan Kasarda <p>Developments in sequencing and SNP chip technologies have enabled scientists to obtain high-density genomic data from different livestock species, including cattle. Moreover, many bioinformatics tools are available to analyse high-density genomic data. Via these tools, several statistical approaches such as Principal Component Analysis and clusterin-based analyses could be conducted to reveal the genetic structure of cattle populations. However, revealing the genetic structure and selection signatures of Turkish cattle breeds is a new area of research, since the previous studies are limited with a few microsatellite data. On the other hand, rearing in different geographical and environmental conditions for a long period could possibly lead to more genetic variation in native Turkish cattle breeds compared to high-yielding culture breeds. These variations obviously cannot be detected by limited number of microsatellite markers, while Next Generation Sequencing is promising for further population structure studies. Hence this review aims to summarise previous studies and give a perspective of Next Generation Sequencing possibilities to reveal the population structure of Turkish cattle for further studies.</p> 2022-07-11T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Acta fytotechnica et zootechnica :: ISSN 1336-9245