Adaptive Value of Soybean Varieties by the Seed Quality Parameters



oil, protein, adaptability, variance, homeostaticity, plasticity, stability


Production requires highly adaptive varieties that have a high level of genetic protection of the crop from biotic and abiotic factors of the environment and can maximally realize the potential of the crop in combination with high-quality seeds. The article presents the results of studies on the assessment of soybean varieties by the adaptability of qualitative characteristics in different soil and climatic conditions in terms of the years of research according to the content and output of oil and protein, as well as the intensity of oil and protein formation in soybean seeds. The adaptability of soybean seed quality of the studied varieties was determined by the Eberhard and Russell method. According to the research results, the highest oil content in the seed was observed in the following varieties: Hoverla (22.2%), Artemida (21.1%), and Zolotysta (20.7%), and the highest protein content was recorded in Artemida (39.2%) and Zolotysta (39.3%). It should be noted that the indicated varieties are conservative (bi<1) by the response to changes in the hydrothermal regime, except for Hoverla, which is highly plastic (bi˃1) in terms of oil content in the seeds. These varieties have the highest indicators of agronomic stability (As) in terms of protein content in seeds: 99.2; 99.0%, as well as the sequence of distribution of varieties according to homeostaticity of the first (Nom1) and second (Nom2) types: Artemida – 131.4 and 109.5; Zolotysta - 99.2 and 62.0. The highest output of oil and protein from seeds was recorded in Hoverla – 0.48 and 0.805 t/ha, Artemida – 0.43 and 0.803 t/ha, which belong to highly plastic varieties by the response to the improvement of the agro-background of cultivation, the variance of stability (Si2) in which is as close to zero as possible. The combination of high yield of oil and protein became possible due to the high productivity of Hoverla, as for Artemida, these traits are at the level of above mean values. The highest intensity of oil and protein formation in seeds was observed in Hoverla– 4.25 and 7.12, Artemida – 3.8 and 7.06, Amethyst – 3.43 and 6.72 kg/ha per day, which belong to highly plastic varieties (bi˃1), and the stability variance (Si2) in which is as close to zero as possible.

Author Biography

  • Serhii Poltoretskyi, Uman National University of Horticulture, Uman, Ukraine


Babych, A.O. and Babych-Poberezhna, A.A. (2012). Global and domestic trends in the placement of production and use of soybean to solve the protein problem. Feeds and Feed Production, 71, 12–26.

Bellaloui, N. et al. (2015). Agricultural practices altered soybean seed protein, oil, fatty acids, sugars, and minerals in the Midsouth USA. Frontiers in Plant Science, 6, 31.

Biliavska, L.H. (1998). Selection of soybean for resistance to adverse environmental factors in the conditions of the Northern Steppe of Ukraine. Feeds and Feed Production, 45, 68–69.

Biliavska, L.H. (2007). Qualitative composition of seeds of different varieties of Ukrainian breeding soybean. Bulletin of the Poltava State Agrarian Academy, 4, 55–57.

Biliavska, L. H. et al. (2013). Highly adaptive soybean varieties of Poltava selection. Handbook of the Ukrainian Farmer. Mininstry of Agriculture. Institute of Plant Breeding Named after Yuriev, 2, 150–151.

Branitskyi, Y. et al. (2022). Improvement of technological methods of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) growing in the Vinnytsia region. Acta Phytotechnica et Zootechnica, 25 (4), 311–318.

Dydiv, A. et al. (2023). Accumulation of Lead and Cadmium by Vegetables at Different Levels of Gray Forest Soil Moistening in the Conditions of the Right Bank Forest Steppe of Ukraine. Journal of Ecological Engineering, 24 (10), 198-204.

Eberhart, S.A. and Russel, W.A. (1966). Stability parameters for comparing varieties. Crop Science, 6, 336–400.

Kaminskyi, V.F (2006). Agrometeorological bases of the production of legumes in Ukraine. Bulletin of Agrarian Science, 6, 20–25.

Kobyzieva, L.N. et al. (2007). Selection of soybean varieties according to the intensity of protein formation. Achievements and problems of genetics, breeding and biotechnology: coll. of science works Ukraine Comrade geneticists and breeders named after E. Vavilov, 2, 67-69.

Korobko, A. et al. (2024). Nitrogen-Fixing Capacity of Soybean Varieties Depending on Seed Inoculation and Foliar Fertilization with Biopreparations. Journal of Ecological Engineering, 25(4), 23-37.

Koruniak, O.P. et al. (2006). Identification of raw material for creating soybean varieties with improved biochemical composition of seeds. Collection of Scientific Works of the Breeding and Genetic Institute – National Center for Seed Science and Variety Study, 179–189.

Kushnir, M.V. (2014). The effect of pre-sowing seed treatment and foliar fertilization on yield and seed quality of modern soybean varieties. Breeding and Seed Production, 106, 134–140.

Mazur, O. et al. (2023a). Ecological plasticity and stability of soybean varieties under climate change in Ukraine. Acta Phytotechnica et Zootechnica, 26(4), 398–411.

Mazur O. O. et al. (2023b). Genetic determination of elements of the soybean yield structure and combining ability of hybridization components. Acta Phytotechnica et Zootechnica, 26 (2), 163–178.

Mazur, O. et al. (2024). Formation of Yield and Grain Quality of Spring Barley Depending on Fertiliser Optimisation. Ecological Engineering & Environmental Technology, 25(4), 282–291.

Mazur, V. et al. (2021a). Quality of pea seeds and agroecological condition of soil when using structured water. Scientific Horizons, 24 (7), 53-60.

Mazur, V. et al. (2021b). Agroecological stability of cultivars of sparsely distributed legumes in the context of climate change. Scientific Horizons, 24(1), 54-60.

Mazur, V. et al. (2023). Ecological and economic aspects of the formation of highly productive soybean crops. Journal of Ecological Engineering. 24(12),124-129.

Myronova, H. et al. (2023). Formation of seed potato yield depending on the elements of cultivation technology. Scientific Horizons, 26 (2), 19-30.

Norman, A.G. The Soybean. Academic Press. New York and London, 1963–1967: transl. from English by K. Selivanova Kyiv. 295 p.

Petrychenko, V.F. et al. (2018). Formation of the Nitrogen-Fixing Potential and Productivity of Soybean Varieties Selected at the Institute of Feeds and Agriculture of Podillia of NAAS. Mikrobiolohichnyi zhurnal, 80(5), 63-75.

Piper, E. and Boote, K. (1999).Temperature and cultivar effects on soybean seed oil and protein concentrations. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society, 76(10), 1233–1241.

Prysiazhniuk, O.I. et al. (2013). Stability and plasticity of pea varieties selected by Uladovo-Lyulinetsk Research and Selection Station. Sugar Beets, 2013, 6, 19–20.

Puyu, V. et al. (2021). Social-and-Ecological Aspects of Forage Production Reform in Ukraine in the Early 21st Century. European Journal of Sustainable Development, 10(1), 221-228.

Riabukha, S.S. et al. (2018). Peculiarities of forming biochemical composition of seeds of modern soybean varieties. Breeding and Seed Production, 114, 71–78.

Rushkovskii T. I. Combined sowing of corn with soybeans. Make wider use of the experience of pioneers in growing high yields of corn. Chernivtsi, 1954. 25 p.

Vdovenko, S. et al. (2024). Organic cultivation of carrot in the right-bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Scientific Horizons, 27(1), 62-70.

Volkodav, V.V. (2001). Methods of the state varietal testing of crops. Alepha.

Yatsenko V. et al. (2023). Agrobiological assessment of green bean varieties by adaptability, productivity, and nitrogen fixation. Scientific Horizons, 26(7), 79-94.






Plant Science