Replacement value of cassava vinasse meal for maize on growth performance, haematological parameters and organoleptic properties of Japanese quails (Coturnix japonica)

Taiwo Kayode Ojediran, Isaac Ademola Abioye, Ayodeji Folorunso Ajayi, Isiak Adewale Emiola


Article Details: Received: 2018-10-01 | Accepted: 2018-10-22 | Available online: 2019-01-31

Two hundred and twenty eight (228) one day old quails were used to assess the suitability of cassava vinasse meal (CVM) as a replacement for maize at varying inclusion levels of 0.0%, 5.0%, 10.0% and 15.0%. The birds were fed an adequate starter diet for the first week before being randomly alloted into 4 dietary group of 3 replicate of 19 birds each. The feeding trial lasted for six weeks. The crude protein, crude fibre, ether extract, ash, moisture, nitrogen free extract and metabolizable energy of the dehydrated cassava vinasse were 19.26%, 7.96%, 3.72%, 9.33%, 5.68% and 12.17 MJ kg-1 ME respectively. The results showed that final weight, average daily weight gain and feed conversion ratio were significantly (P <0.05) influenced as inclusion level of cassava vinasse meal increases. Significant differences were observed on the haematological parameters such as haematocrit and mean corpuscular volume (P <0.05). The analyzed panelist response on organoleptic parameters showed that tenderness, juiciness and texture were significantly different (P <0.05) with birds fed 10.0% CVM having the least values. In conclusion, 10.0% CVM (21% replacement for maize) in the diet of quails had no deleterious effect on the feed conversion ratio, haematological parameters and meat acceptability. Moreover, further research could be geared towards the use of exogenous enzymes and the performance of other poultry species including broiler chicken.

Keywords: blood, cassava, quail, sensory properties, vinasse


ABU, O. A. et al. (2015) Carcass characteristics and meat quality of Broilers fed cassava peel and leaf meals as Replacement for maize and Soya bean meal. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science (IOSR-JAVS), vol. 8, pp. 2319– 2327. doi:

AGUGU, G. O and OKEKE, G. C. (2005) The effect of replacing maize with cassava root meal in the diets of pullet chicks. In: Proceeding of 30th Annual conference of the Nigerian Society for Animal Production, Nsukka,vol. 30, pp. 235–237.

AHMED O. et al. (2013) Physicochemical, Chemical and Microbiological Characteristics of Vinasse, A By-product from Ethanol Industry. American Journal of Biochemistry, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 80–83. doi:

AINA, O. O. and AJIBADE, T. (2014) Age-related changes in haematologic parameters of cage-raised Japanese quails (Cortunix japonica). In Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 104–108. doi:

AJIBOLA F.O. et al. (2012) Enzymatic Production of Ethanol from Cassava Starch Using Two Strains of  Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Nigerian Food Journal, vol. 30, no. 2,  pp. 114–121. doi:

AKINFALA, E. O. et al. (2002) Evaluation of the nutritive value of whole cassava plant as a replacement for maize in the starter diets for broiler chicken. Livestock Research for Rural Development, vol. 14, pp. 1–6.

AKINWUMI, A. O. et al (2013) Evaluation of carcass, organ and organoleptic properties of spent layers of different poultry types. Bots. J. Agric. Appl. Sci., vol. 9, no.1, pp. 3–7.

AOAC (2000) Official Methods of Analysis. Association of official Analytical Chemist Inc. 15th ed. Washington DC, USA. 2000.

CHINEKE, C.A. et al. (2006) Haematological parameters in rabbit breeds and crosses in humid tropics. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science, vol. 9, no. 11, pp. 2102–2106. doi:

DACIE, J.V. et al. (1995) Laboratory methods used in the investigation of paroxyamal nocturnal haemoglobinuria (PHN). In Dacie J.V., Lewis S.M. (eds.), Practical haematology, 8th ed., London: Churchill Livingstone, pp. 287–296.

DUNCAN, D. B. (1955) Multiple range and multiple F-tests. Biometrics, vol. 11, pp. 1–42.  EDACHE, J.A. et al. (2005) Replacement Value of Guinea Corn for Maize in Practical diet Fed to Quails Chicks. Animal Research International, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 29–31.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (EPA) (2017) Guidelines for wineries and distilleries. Retrieved 2018-09-20 from

FARRELL, A. E. et al. (2006) Ethanol can contribute to energy and environmental goals. Science, vol. 311, no. 5760, pp. 506– 508. doi:

GULUWA, L.Y. et al. (2014) Performance and Carcass Evaluation of Quails Fed Graded Levels of Water Soaked Sweet Orange Peel Meal. Advances in Life Science and Technology, vol. 20, pp. 1–6.

HAHN-HÄGERDAL, B. et al. (2007) Towards industrial pentose-fermenting yeast strains. Applied Microb. Biotechnol., vol. 74, no. 5, pp. 937–953. doi:

HIDALGO, K. (2009) Vinasse in feed: Good for animal and environment. Feed Tech, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 18–20.

HUI, Y. and SHURI, L. (2013) Emergy analysis of cassava vinasse treatment. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, vol. 91, no. 6, pp. 503–507. doi: psep.2013.01.003

IWUJI, T.C. and HERBERT U. (2012) Haematological and serum biochemical characteristics of rabbit bucks fed diets containing garcimiola kola seed meal. In Proceedings of 37th Annual Conference Nigeria Society Animal Production, Nigeria, pp. 87–89.

KERR, R. A. (2007) The looming oil crisis could arrive soon uncomfortably.  Science,  vol. 316, no. 5823, pp. 351–351. doi:

LAWRIE, R. A. (1998) Lawrie’s Meat Science. 6th edition. Oxford: Pergamon Press.

MABEE, W. E. (2007). Policy options to support biofuel production. In O.  Lisbeth  (ed.). Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology. Berlin: Springer Heidelberg, pp. 329–357. doi:

MARIANOL, A. P. et al. (2006) Use of Vinasse, an Ethanol Distillery Waste, as An amendment to Bioremedation of Diesel oil contaminated Soils. In Interamerican Confederation of Chemical Engineering (IACCHE).

OJEDIRAN T. K. and EMIOLA, I. A. (2018) Effect of processing and level of inclusion of processed-fermented Jatropha curcas (L.) kernel meals on the performance of starter broiler chicks. Trop. Agric. (Trinidad), vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 55–66.

OJEDIRAN, T. K. et al. (2015) Residual Antinutrients in Differently Processed Jatropha curcas Kernel Meals: Effect on Blood Parameters and Gut Microbes of Broiler Chicks. International Journal of Applied Research and Technology, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 29–38.

OKANO, K. et al. (2010) Biotechnological production of enantiomeric pure lactic acid from renewable resources: Recent achievements, perspectives, and limits. Microbiol. Biotechnol.,  vol. 85, no. 3, pp. 413–423. doi:  https://doi. org/10.1007/s00253-009-2280-5

ONABOLU, A.O. (1999) Cassava Processing in a Nigerian Community affected by Neuropathy attributed to Dietary Cyanide Exposure. Trop. Sci., vol. 39, pp. 129–135.

PAUZENGA, U. (1985) Feeding Parent stock. Zootenica International, pp. 22–24.

PRICE, J. F. and SCHWEIGERT, B. S. (1971) The science of meat and meat products. 2nd ed. W. H. Freeman and Company.

QIAO, M. M. et al. (2001) The effect of broiler breast colour on pH, moisture, WHC and emulsification capacity. Poultry science, vol. 80, pp. 676–680. doi:

RENEWABLE FUEL ASSOCIATION (2016) World Ethanol Fuel Production. Retrieved 2018-09-20 from statistics/#1454098996479-8715d404-e546

SAS (2000) SAS/ STAT Guide for personal computers version. Cary, North Carolina: SAS Insitute.

SOETAN, K.O. et al. (2013) Preliminary studies on the haematological parameters of cockerels fed raw and processed guinea corn (Sorghum bicolor). In Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference Nigeria Society of Animal Production, 17–20th March 2013, pp. 49–52.

TOMASQUIM, M.T. (2007) Bioenergy for the future. International Conference on biofuels: and option for less carbon intensive economy, 4–5th December, 2007, Brazil.

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica

© Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources