The most important sires in Pinzgau population

Radovan Kasarda, Veronika Kukučková, Nina Moravčíková


Received: 2016-05-24 | Accepted: 2016-08-02 | Available online: 2017-06-20–30

The aim of this study was to calculate the inbreeding coefficients of the most used sires in population of Slovak Pinzgau and summarize milk production of theirs daughters as main criterion in present in selection of sires besides pedigree based level of inbreeding of future progeny. The runs of homozygosity (ROH) greater than 4 Mb cover on average 1.9 % of genome, ROH ˃ 8 Mb cover 1.3 % and ROH ˃ 16 Mb cover 0.4. Obtained results were compared to genealogical pedigree analysis; the observed inbreeding was higher than that expected based on pedigree data (0.16 %), despite the fact that ROH > 16 Mb representing recent inbreeding approximately three generations ago. The average milk performance of evaluated Slovak Pinzgau cows has been 5259 kg of milk, 3.6 % of protein and 3.85 % of fat. These results are important for the management of the Pinzgau population in Slovakia due to more precise values of inbreeding obtained as well as knowledge about the ancient inbreeding which was not possible to estimate from the pedigree data.

Keywords: inbreeding, milk performance, runs of homozygosity, Slovak Pinzgau cattle


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