The most important sires in Pinzgau population

Radovan Kasarda, Veronika Kukučková, Nina Moravčíková

Abstract


Received: 2016-05-24 | Accepted: 2016-08-02 | Available online: 2017-06-20
http://dx.doi.org/10.15414/afz.2017.20.01.28–30

The aim of this study was to calculate the inbreeding coefficients of the most used sires in population of Slovak Pinzgau and summarize milk production of theirs daughters as main criterion in present in selection of sires besides pedigree based level of inbreeding of future progeny. The runs of homozygosity (ROH) greater than 4 Mb cover on average 1.9 % of genome, ROH ˃ 8 Mb cover 1.3 % and ROH ˃ 16 Mb cover 0.4. Obtained results were compared to genealogical pedigree analysis; the observed inbreeding was higher than that expected based on pedigree data (0.16 %), despite the fact that ROH > 16 Mb representing recent inbreeding approximately three generations ago. The average milk performance of evaluated Slovak Pinzgau cows has been 5259 kg of milk, 3.6 % of protein and 3.85 % of fat. These results are important for the management of the Pinzgau population in Slovakia due to more precise values of inbreeding obtained as well as knowledge about the ancient inbreeding which was not possible to estimate from the pedigree data.

Keywords: inbreeding, milk performance, runs of homozygosity, Slovak Pinzgau cattle

References

ALBRECHTSEN A., NIELSEN F.C. and NIELSEN R. (2010) Ascertainment biases in SNP chips affect measures of population divergence. Molecular Biology and Evolution, vol. 27, pp. 2534-2547. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msq148

BJELLAND, D.W. et al. (2013) Evaluation of inbreeding depression in Holstein cattle using whole-genome SNP markers and alternative measures of genomic inbreeding. Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 96, pp. 4697-4706. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2012-6435

CHARLESWORTH, D. and WILLIS, J. (2009) The genetics of inbreeding depression. Nature Reviews Genetics, vol. 10, pp. 783-796. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrg2664

FERENČAKOVIĆ, M. et al. (2011) Runs of Homozygosity Reveal Genomewide Autozygosity in the Austrian Fleckvieh Cattle. Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, vol. 76, no. 4, pp. 325-328.

GURGUL, A., et al. (2016) The use of runs of homozygosity for estimation of recent inbreeding in Holstein cattle. Journal of Applied Genetics, vol. 57, pp. 1-4. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13353-016-0337-6

GUTIÉRREZ, J.P. et al. (2008) Individual increase in inbreeding allows estimating realised effective sizes from pedigrees. Genetics Selection Evolution, vol. 40, pp. 359-378. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1297-9686-40-4-359

MARRAS, G. et al. (2015) Analysis of runs of homozygosity and their relationship with inbreeding in five cattle breeds farmed in Italy. Animal Genetics, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 110-121. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/age.12259

PAVLÍK, I. et al. (2014) Joint genealogical analysis as a tool for diversity evaluation in Pinzgau cattle populations. Archive Tierzucht, vol. 57, no. 14, pp. 1-12. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.7482/0003-9438-57-014

PURCELL, S. et al. (2007) PLINK: a toolset for whole-genome association and population-based linkage analysis. The American Journal of Human Genetics, vol. 81, pp. 559-575. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/519795

SAS Institute Inc: SAS/STAT Software. (2011) Cary NC: SAS Institute Inc: Version 9.3.

THE BREEDING SERVICES OF THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC. (2014) Results of dairy herd milk recording in Slovak Republic for control year 2013-2014. [Online]. Available at http://pssr.sk/org/publ/2014/hd/rocenka/ml_13_14/rocenka/Mliekova_rocenka_2014.pdf. [Accessed: 1st March 2017].


Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica

© Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources